Department of Physics and Astronomy Faculty & Staff
Marianne Takamiya (Department Chairperson)
Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1998
UH Hilo Associate Professor of Astronomy. Dr. Takamiya obtained her B.Sc. in Physics and M.Sc. in Astronomy from the Universidad de Chile in 1990 and 1991, respectively, and her M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Astronomy and Astrophysics, from the University of Chicago, in 1992 and 1998, respectively. She carried out post-doctoral research as a Gemini Science Fellow at Gemini Observatory and subsequently as a Research Associate, with the Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, at UH Hilo.
Her teaching responsibilities at UH Hilo are General Physics, General Astronomy, and Stellar Astronomy.
Contact Dr. Takamiya.
Ph.D., Yale University, 1989
Dr. Binder is currently a Professor of Physics at UH Hilo. He moved to UH Hilo in 2001 from Universidad de Los Andes (Bogotá, Colombia). He has taught Physics for the Liberal Arts, Quantum Mechanics for the Liberal Arts, Introductory Physics (calculus and algebra-based), Introductory Experimental Physics, General Astronomy Lab, Computational Physics and Astronomy, Modern Physics, Classical Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, Quantum Mechanics I and II, Chaos, Mathematical Physics, Electronics, Optics, Foundations of Quantum Mechanics and Foundations of Thermodynamics. During 2013-2014 he has led a project to upgrade the Department’s Freshman Physics Labs.
Dr. Binder is a referee for Chaos, the Physical Review and the American Journal of Physics. He has biographies in “Who's Who in Science and Engineering” and “Who’s Who in the World”. He was a Scholar at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, in Santa Barbara, California in the Summer of 2006, a Visiting Professor at the Center for Nonlinear Dynamics at the University of Texas, Austin, in Fall of 2008, and a Fellow at the New England Complex Systems Institute in the Summer of 2013.
Dr. Binder's research broadly addresses four loosely related themes. The first is the analysis of realistic time series in search for chaos and with view to predicting and understanding natural phenomena. The second is the study of information as one of the possibly most fundamental currencies in nature. The third is the search for a general understanding of the phenomena known as complex systems. The fourth is the modeling of population-resources-environment systems, with emphasis on scenarios for the Island of Hawaii. He actively involves undergraduate students in this work as well as in research addressing physics education. He recently co-edited a book on Language as a Complex System.
Dr. Binder has been Chair of the Department of Physics and Astronomy for a total of four years during the periods 2009-2011, and 2013-2014. He has won the Award for Excellence in Scholarly/Creative Activities (2009) and the Koichi and TaniyoTaniguchi Award for Excellence in Innovation (2013).
His training includes an M.A. in Liberal Arts from St. John’s College (Santa Fe), a Ph.D. in Applied Physics from Yale University and three years of post-doctoral work at the University of Oxford (England).
Contact Prof. Binder.
M.Ed., University of Hawaiʻi at Manoa, 2012
John Coney is the support staff and technician for the Physics and Astronomy department at UH Hilo. He holds a B.S. in computer science and a M.Ed. in educational technology. John oversees the departments Linux and Windows labs as well as provides physics and astronomy laboratory support. He brings an oceanographic instrumentation background to the program and previously managed a scanning electron microscope facility for over twenty years. He hopes to apply this experience to the UH Hilo Hokukea observatory on Mauna Kea. Hokukea is in a state of rebuilding with a new 0.7m PlaneWave telescope and AstroHaven dome purchased and on campus, currently being fitted out, then hopefully installed soon on the Big Island. When John is not at UH Hilo, he is an avid underwater diver and photographer, loves backpacking, traveling or motorcycle riding. He really enjoys working at a place that makes science fiction a reality!
Contact John Coney.
Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, 2009
Dr. Cooksey is an Assistant Professor of Astronomy. She researches the cosmic chemical enrichment cycle by observing the large-scale, gaseous structure of the universe in absorption. Elements heavier than helium are produced in stars and dispersed to small (interstellar medium) and large (intergalactic medium) scales as the stars evolve and die. By studying a range of heavy elements, like carbon and magnesium, over cosmic time (i.e., wavelengths), Dr. Cooksey traces the evolution in the abundance and distribution of the chemically enriched gas and constrains the feedback processes that move and enriched the gas. Outside of work, she enjoys being outside (running, hiking) but also cooking and crocheting.
Dr. Cooksey obtained her B.S. in Physics from Valparaiso University, Indiana, in 2003, where she also completed the humanities-based honors program and played for the women's soccer team. She received her M.S. and Ph.D. in Astronomy & Astrophysics from UC Santa Cruz in 2005 and 2009, respectively. From 2004 to 2008, she participated in UCSC's Institute for Scientist & Engineer Educators Professional Development Program, where she learned about science education and issues of diversity and equity in the sciences. She also taught a range of students, from high school to graduate, about science and pedagogy. She was a postdoctoral fellow at the MIT Kavli Institute from 2009 to 2013. For those last three years, she was a National Science Foundation Astronomy & Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellow, through which she pursued her teaching and outreach interests. She joined the UHH faculty at the beginning of 2014. You can find her web site at: www2.hawaii.edu/~kcooksey.
Contact Dr. Cooksey.
John C. Hamilton
M.S., University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, 1980
An Aiea High School alumni (1973) from O`ahu, John was one of 25 NASA Skylab Student Experiment finalists flying an astronomy project to obtain UV spectra from QSOs (quasi-stellar objects). He earned a B.A. in astronomy and B.S. in physics in 1977 with honors at the University of Texas at Austin, and a Master’s in astronomy at the Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa in 1980.
Hamilton worked on Haleakala, Maui observing the Sun in support of the NASA Solar-Max satellite, followed by work with laser-ranging satellites at LURE (Lunar Ranging Experiment) observatory. He then moved to Hawai`i island working as operator and observer support at the NASA Infra-Red Telescope Facility on Mauna Kea, as well as the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and Gemini Observatory. He then joined the Department of Physics & Astronomy faculty at the University of Hawai`i at Hilo as an Instructor while also working on projects such as the UHH Hoku Kea telescope on Mauna Kea, establishing the Ashra cosmic ray observatory on Mauna Loa, and joining PISCES in 2007 as Research Operations Manager, and later as acting Director (2012)
Hamilton has received the JUSTSAP Outstanding Service Award (2008), three NASA Group Achievement Awards for the In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) RESOLVE Team (2008), the ISRU Analog Demo Team (2010), and the International Lunar Surface Operations ISRU Field Test (2011). In 2014 he received the NASA Certificate of Appreciation for the Mauna Kea/Mars analogue geology project.
Hamilton currently pursues research on rocky planetary bodies (Moon, Mars, Asteroids) and conducts field work at analog sites on island. He has taught numerous courses on Astronomy and Physics in the department, as well as multiple projects involving students. Complete list of courses and c.v. can be found on his home faculty page http://www2.hawaii.edu/~jch/
He has been Principle Investigator on NASA grants, including the current PSTAR (Planetary Science and Technology Through Analog Research) grant entitled BASALT (Biologic Analog Science Associated with Lave Terrains).
Hamilton currently is also on release time to the Pacific International Space Center for Exploration Systems. PISCES was legislatively transferred to the Office of Aerospace Development at DBEDT (Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism) in 2012, John became the Test Logistics and Education/Public Outreach Manager while still maintaining faculty status at UH-Hilo. He has since worked with several Google Lunar X-Prize teams and projects and has been a judge at the 2013 NASA Lunabotics Competition, as well as the first 2 NASA Robotics Mining Competition at Kennedy Space Center in 2014 and 2015.
Contact Mr. Hamilton.
Ph.D., University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, 2015
Dr. Kaluna is an Assistant Professor of Astronomy. She is an alumni of the Physics and Astronomy program at UH Hilo, where she obtained a BA in Mathematics and Physics in 2008. In 2015, she obtained her Ph.D. in Astronomy at UH Manoa from the Institute for Astronomy. Prior to returning to UH Hilo as a faculty member, she spent 2 years as a postdoctoral fellow at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology at UH Manoa.
Dr. Kaluna was born and raised in Pahoa on the island of Hawai'i, and has a strong connection to water that carries into her scientific interests. Her research combines observational astronomy with laboratory experiments to characterize water-related spectral features on various solar system bodies (e.g. the Moon, asteroids, comets). The goal of these observations and experiments are to understand how these spectral features vary in response to the harsh environment of space. In addition to teaching, Dr. Kaluna is developing a visible and near infrared wavelength spectral laboratory at UH Hilo. The lab will be used to characterize the spectral features of various minerals found in meteorites and to provide a basis for interpreting spectral data of asteroids and other solar system bodies.
Contact Dr. Kaluna.
R. Pierre Martin
Ph.D., Université Laval, 1992
Dr. R. Pierre Martin is an Associate Professor of Astronomy and the Director of the UH Hilo Hoku Ke'a Observatory on Mauna Kea. He earned his MS and PhD in astrophysics at Universite Laval in Quebec, Canada. He has held post-doctoral fellowship positions at Steward Observatory in Arizona, and with the European Southern Observatory New Technology Telescope in Chile. Between 1997 and 2008, Dr. Martin was a resident astronomer at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Mauna Kea, and its Director of Science Operations for six years. Prior to joining UH Hilo, he was the Executive Director of the WIYN 3.5m telescope on Kitt Peak (Arizona) and also a consultant for the Giant Magellan Telescope project.
Dr. Martin fields of research include the chemical evolution of galaxies, massive star formation, galaxy morphology, planetary nebulae, astronomical instrumentation and the optimization of the observational process for professional observatories.
Contact Dr. Pierre Martin.
UH HIlo Physics lab coordinator.
Contact Marc Roberts.
Adjunct and Affiliate Faculty
Ph.D., University of California at Santa Cruz, 1994
Dr. Conrad received his PhD in Computer Science from the University of California at Santa Cruz in 1994. He then worked as software engineer and support astronomer at both Lick and Keck Observatories before moving to the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy to lead the development of a next generation adaptive optics system. Currently, as staff scientist at the Large Binocular Telescope Observatory, he develops systems for high angular resolution and conducts research in planetary science.
Al teaches Software Systems for Astronomy (ASTR 385) which is based on the Springer Brief he authored in 2014. As both an astronomer and a software developer, Dr. Albert Conrad has developed and used software systems for all phases of observing: from planning the observation, to taking the data, to analyzing the data in preparation for publication.
Possible future courses Dr. Conrad may teach include Computational Physics and Astronomy (ASTR 260), Observational Astronomy (ASTR 250), and a potential new experimental course that covers spacecraft mission support from ground-based telescopes.
Dr. Conrad’s research interests include asteroid systems and developing novel techniques to study comets, planets, and the moons of planets, in particular Jupiter’s moon Io. His complete bibliography includes over 100 publications including 30 articles in refereed journals. These include his early software designs for the Keck Observatory, his discovery of a small moon orbiting the asteroid 41 Daphne, and applying the resolution of a 23 meter telescope (LBT) to detect variation in a lake of lava on Jupiter's volcanic moon Io.
Al’s overall mission in astronomy is to contribute to the exploration, and eventual habitation, of the nearby Solar System. He enjoys cycling, sailing, Frisbee, and outrigger canoe paddling.
Contact Dr. Al Conrad
Ph.D., Université de Montréal, 1990
Dr. Drissen is professor at the Physics Department of Université Laval (Québec, Canada), and is on sabbatical leave at UHH in 2017 - 2018. After a Ph. D. at Université de Montréal (1990), where he studied Wolf-Rayet stars in M33, he spent five years at the Space Telescope Science Institute (Baltimore, Maryland) to work on massive stars, cataclysmic variables and nearby galaxies. Although his current main topic of interest is the role massive stars play in the ecology of nearby galaxies, he has also developed an interest in instrumentation. In collaboration with the Québec City-based company ABB-Analytical, he worked on imaging Fourier transform spectroscopy. After the success of a prototype, SpIOMM, attached to the Observatoire du Mont Mégantic’s 1.6-m telescope, he led the development of SITELLE, which is now one of the four instruments used at the Canada-France-Hawaii telescope.
Contact Professor Drissen
Ph.D., University of Leicester, 1972
Richard Griffiths obtained his bachelor’s degree in Physics from Imperial College of Science & Technology, University of London and his Ph.D. from the department of Physics at the University of Leicester in 1972 in the field of X-ray astronomy using rockets launched from Woomera in Australia and from the coast of Sardinia in the Mediterranean. After a year in Paris and four years on a research fellowship at Leicester,
he came to the USA in 1976 to work in the High Energy Astrophysics group at the Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Ma. where he worked on the analysis of data from the X-ray instruments on the HEAO-A and HEAO-B (Einstein) Space Observatories. While at CfA, Prof. Griffiths also worked on the development of charge-coupled devices (digital imagers) for X-ray astronomy and later went on to become the Instrument Scientist for the Wide-Field and Planetary Cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope. Prof. Griffiths
worked on the instruments and data from the Hubble from 1983 until 1996, initially at the Space Telescope Science Institute and then as Research Professor at the Johns Hopkins University across the street. In 1996 Prof. Griffiths left JHU to take up a full Professorship at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where he continued research using the Hubble, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, and the XMM-Newton Multi-Mirror X-ray Telescope, for which he was Mission Scientist from 1989 until 2012. While at CMU, Prof. Griffiths taught intro and advanced-level astronomy and astrophysics. He greatly expanded the undergraduate program in astronomy and also initiated a graduate course in astrophysics.
In 2008, he took a leave of absence from CMU to work at NASA Headquarters in Washington DC, where he stayed until 2013.
Prof. Griffiths’ research interests have always been primarily in X-ray astronomy
(X-ray binaries, star-forming galaxies, active galactic nuclei) but he has also worked extensively on the results of deep surveys using the Hubble in visible light and these studies have concentrated on the evolution of galaxies with cosmic time. He continues to work on X-ray deep surveys and the ground-based identification and follow-up of X-ray sources. Prof. Griffiths has over 300 publications in referred journals. (CV found here)
Contact Prof. Griffiths.
Ph.D., Université de Montréal, 1992
Dr. Carmelle Robert is a professor at the Département de physique, de génie physique et d’optique of Université Laval (Québec, Canada) since 1998. She is now on a research leave at UHH (from September 2017 to April 2018).
As a graduate student, Dr. Robert investigated the wind clumps observed in the spectrum of the Cygnus Wolf-Rayet stars (using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope). She applied this expertise on massive stars to study starburst regions in distant galaxies in the ultraviolet light, while a postdoc (1991-1994) at the Space Telescope Science Institute (Baltimore, MD, USA). In 1995 she moved to Université Laval with a Women Faculty Award from the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
« The main objective of my research program is to characterize the different generations of stars in galaxies and to use this information to understand the various mechanisms that drive galaxy evolution. A key element for my work is the starburst regions. These are young – a few Myr old – star-forming regions with still many massive (> 10 solar mass) and bright objects, easy to identify even in distant galaxies. Massive stars emit most of their energy
in the ultraviolet wavelength range and it is therefore very useful to study starbursts in ultraviolet light, as now possible for example with the new Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) on board ASTROSAT. The high-energy ultraviolet photons produced by massive stars are also responsible for the ionization of HII regions, easy to observe in visible light. Older stellar generations (100 Myr to Gyr) contain objects less massive that have their emission peak in visible and near-infrared light. Integral Field Spectrographs, like SITELLE at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, are then used to get millions of spectra to analyze the stellar content and ionized gas over the whole surface of nearby galaxies. Stellar population synthesis codes are being developed and applied to reproduce the observed spectral energy distribution and the spectral lines for the blended generations of stars. The age, mass, and chemical abundances of the stellar populations give important clues to study the star-forming episodes in relation to different evolutionary scenario involving galaxy interactions, gas inflows, and secular processes like galactic bars. »
Contact Professor Carmelle Robert